This article was written by By Darren Coyle.

I have written and directed a bunch of short films, and I’ve even gotten them into a few festivals where they received some awards. I enjoyed working on short films but I wanted to write and direct a feature. I felt like I had graduated to that level.  The problem is, features are expensive and I don’t have connections or know any rich people. So, I thought I would make the feature myself using the resources I have: time, friends, and talent.  “Fortune favors the bold,” I kept telling myself.

I began by breaking the whole process down to the bare bones, asking “what NEEDS to go into a movie?” Answer: people, places and words.  That’s the bare minimum.  You don’t need stunts, special effects, Hollywood stars, or rows and rows of trailers.  These things are nice, but not necessary.  I decided that my film would focus on two main characters, that I would keep the story simple and keep it to a minimum of locations, most of which can be friends’ houses, a public park, etc. Having decided on those parameters, I simplified things even further:  everything would take place during the day!  No need for lots of lights and fancy, expensive grip trucks, and all that.  I could use the sun and a couple of lights here and there.

A couple of notes about producing that writers may or may not be aware of. First, if you keep your crew and cast minimal, you can get away with a lot of guerilla style shooting that larger productions cannot do. For instance, if you’re shooting in a public park or on the street down the block from your house, you can probably avoid paying for a shooting permit, which can be expensive, especially in Los Angeles or New York. As long as your crew is not obtrusive and you only take a couple of hours to shoot your scene you can get away with it. Second, in public places, you don’t need to get a signed release from strangers in the background as long as you’re not focusing on their faces. (And why would you?  You’ve got actors for that!)

One major rule of thumb: the more people you involve in your film, the more money it will cost, unless you’ve miraculously convinced your cast and crew to work for free. And if you have, you still have a problem on your hands because there’s always a chance they’ll jump ship if a paying job comes along. Also, even if they are working for free, you still have to feed them! Producing a micro budget film involves a TON of begging, borrowing and stealing on your part as the director/producer, but you do need to pay key people like your DP and audio engineer. This is money well spent.

I decided on the production parameters. Next came the script itself.  Here I broke it down mathematically. A small, indie film will more than likely be around 90 minutes. If each scene is on the average 5 pages long, that’s roughly 18 scenes to write. If I write two scenes per day, I can be done with the first draft in roughly two weeks’ time. That translates to six scenes for each act, using a three-act structure. Once you’ve got that structure, you can break it down and simply attack each scene one by one, and not be daunted by the project as a whole.

Since the film is going to rely pretty much on the two main characters to draw in and engage the audience, I felt comedy would be the best genre to choose. Films like Midnight Run and Planes, Trains and Automobiles are entertaining and engaging because the two main characters’ adversarial relationship make the movie. If you can create the right characters, you can write a whole scene about them making a sandwich and it can be hilarious. (And cheap!) I came up with a premise where my two main characters didn’t get along but were forced to be in a car together for a day. They have a goal and a focused objective, but the real amusement comes from them butting heads the whole time. (Other scenarios in which mismatched people are forced to interact with each other: bachelor party, coaching kids’ sports team, office job, and next-door neighbors.)

I showed the script to an actor friend of mine, whom I thought would be great for one of the leads, and she loved it.  Well, she had notes; everyone has NOTES.  She got some actor friends together and we did a table read . . . and THEY had notes. I learned a LOT. Feedback is always good. You cannot put a price on it!  Even things you DON’T want to hear are good to hear. Nine months and eight drafts later, we are raising money to produce it on a minimal micro budget of $25,000. It may or may not be the next Sundance darling, but we’re making it and not asking for someone else’s permission to do what we love.  Take THAT, Hollywood!

Darren Coyle is an independent filmmaker living in Los Angeles.  You can visit his website or follow him on Twitter @darrencoyle0626 and also visit his crowdfunding campaign at   

6 thoughts on “Tricks To Writing For A Micro Budget”
  1. Very passionate and confident article yet not cocky. Everyone should take inspiration from this in my opinion! Just shared on FB The Hunt funding pitch from Seed and Spark.

  2. Hi Darren,
    Good for you. I had taken Dov Simens filmmaking class and everything you are doing is right on the money.
    I too am working on a basic two character script, which I will be shooting in my home.
    I also plan on doing an Indiegogo fundraising for the approximate budget of $50,000. As you said food is important and it needs to include good food not simply junk food. And of course my biggest cost will be a DP and Sound person for a feature to be really taken seriously, it has to be seen and heard after all. Best of luck to you, sounds like you are right on track.

  3. Thanks for this post, Darren! As a person aiming to make his first feature in the near future, I always find it inspiring to read pieces like this. Best of luck on your fundraising, and your shoot!

  4. This approach to creating a feature that won’t cost much money is sound. I would only say that setting a whole film (or most of it) in a car has potential issues. First, there’s a gripe that some gatekeepers have about road trip movies, the joke being that every indie film is a road trip movie. Your film isn’t necessarily a road trip, but something to keep in mind. More importantly, though, are the particular challenges of shooting scenes in a car, namely:

    – Audio. It’s tough to get get audio in a driving car. You need a very good sound person with the proper gear to mic the car and/or actors, and you’re always fighting road noise, air conditioning, (you’ll have to turn it off), etc. And where do you put the sound person? They will need to go in the car, so you have to have a plan for where your DP and director are going.
    – Shot Selection. If you’re shooting without a process trailer (which you will definitely be doing) and not doing poor-man’s process, then you’re going to be limited to where you can put the camera. If you plan to mount the camera to the hood or side of the car, that will open it up, but realize this will take specialized equipment and has it’s own set of challenges, (it takes awhile to reset the camera when you’re mounting, etc.)
    – Lighting. If you shoot during the day, then your challenge is balancing the daylight coming in through the windows, which changes constantly as you drive. If you shoot at night, you’ll have to figure out a way to light your subjects that isn’t too expensive. There is some great new equipment for this, but much of it is expensive, relatively speaking.
    – Monitoring. It’s just a challenge to monitor picture and sound when you’re driving. Not impossible, by any means, but it has to be figured out and having people who are experienced with driving shots helps.

    I say all this because I just shot a micro-budget feature that is about 50% set in a car. These were challenges we encountered and overcame, though we had a bit more money than it sounds like you have. If you’re serious about shooting in a car, I’d be happy to pass along some tips. We’re still editing our film, but if you’d like to see a bit of what we shot, you can find a promo video on our website:

    Good luck!

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